10/26/2020 Monday Night Chess Club in Snowmass Base Village
"Strategy without tactic is the slowest route to victory. Tactic without Strategy is the noise before defead." /Sun Tzu/
Flashback: Best Chess Opening Moves
1. Best Chess Opening Moves for White: 1.e4, 1.d4, 1.c4 and 1.Nf3
2. Best Chess responses after 1.e4:
a. Spanish Opening (Ruy Lopez)
b. Italian Opening (Guoco Piano)
c. Sicilian Defense
d. French Defense
e. Caro Kann
Best Chess Opening Moves
3. Best Chess responses after 1. d4:
a. Queen’s Gambit
b. King’s Indian
c. Slav Defense
d. Grunfeld Defense
e. Nimzo-Indian Defense.
4. Best Chess responses after 1.c4:
a. English Opening
5. Best Chess responses after 1.Nf3:
a. Reti Opening
Bad Chess Opening Moves
1. Worst Chess opening move: 1.g4
a. Black’s reply: 1….d5!
2. 1. f3 – weakening King’s position without any useful action in the center.
3. Na3 or Nh3 – “A knight on the rim is dim”. Causes White to lose a tempo, Black controls the center and threatens doubled pawns on a and h files.
CHESS FOR BEGINNERS|STUDY PLAN: THE OPENING
1.Memorize the principles of the opening:
a.Rule 1: Develop Your Pieces! – Develop means “to build and create”.
b.Rule 2: Develop Your Pieces! – Develop your “minor” pieces (Knights and Bishops) first.
c.Rule 3: To Develop or Not Develop Your Pieces? DEVELOP!!! – Center Development.
d.Rule 4: Don’t Move a Piece Twice Before Move 10!
e.Rule 5: Don’t Bring Your Queen Out Early! – Develop your minor pieces first.
f.Rule 6: Castle Your King (Before Move 10)! – Most efficient way to put your King into safety.
g.Rule 7: Attack (Develop) Towards the Center! – Don’t make passive development moves.
h. Rule 8: Connect the Rooks! – 1) Develop your minor pieces; 2) Castle; 3) Bring the Queen out to a more active and safe square.
i.Rule 9: Develop Plans, Not Just Pieces! – always develop a piece with a purpose.
j. Rule 10: Attack “In the Direction” of Your Pawn(s) Structure!
LESSON OF THE DAY: Ruy Lopez (Spanish Opening) Variations
Also called the "Spanish Game", the Ruy Lopez is one of the most popular openings in chess. White's 3.Bb5 move puts pressure on the knight which is guarding the center, while developing rapidly. The opening is named after the sixteenth-century Spanish priest Ruy Lopez de Segura.
Leads to very complex and multifaceted play
Tends to give White long-term pressure
White develops rapidly and castles quickly
Some lines are very theoretical
Black has a huge number of defenses to choose from
Sometimes Black gets a chance to later attack the light-squared bishop
Variations of the Ruy Lopez Opening:
Ruy Lopez (Spanish Opening) – Marshall Attack
8.c3 Preparing for the Marshall attack
A)8. a4 (Kasparov) then 9. axb5
B)8. h3 d6 9. c3 (Closed Ruy Lopez)
8. … d5! (Marshall Attack)
Sacrificing a pawn in return for kingside attack
9. exd5 Nxd5
10. Nxe5 Nxe5
11. Rxe5 c6
Black wants to move pieces to the kingside and checkmate, White is defending.
Immortal Chess Game
Jose Raul Capablanca vs Frank Marshall
“Novelty Gift” New York (1918), NY USA
Spanish Game Marshall Attack, Original Variation